What is Testicular Cancer?
Testicular cancer is cancer that occurs in testicles. It starts when the germ cells (cells that produce immature sperm) grow abnormally.
Testicular cancer is rare cancer and can be treated if it spreads to a few parts around it.
What causes Testicular Cancer?
The causes of testicular cancer are unclear. The risk factors include abnormal testicle development, an undescended testicle and family history of cancer.
What are the symptoms of Testicular Cancer?
A lump or swelling is a testicle is the first and the most obvious symptom of testicular cancer. Some more symptoms are:
- Enlargement or shrinking of a testicle
- Heaviness in the scrotum
- Abdomen pain
- groin pain
- Fluid collection in the scrotum
- Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
How is Testicular Cancer diagnosed?
After a lump or swelling in a testicle raises the red flag, doctors recommend a couple of lab tests to confirm whether or not it is testicular cancer.
Serum tumor marker test
It is a blood test to measure tumor markers in blood. Presence of high levels of this substance hints possibilities of testicular cancer.
The sound waves create a picture of scrotum and testicles. The ultrasound image helps doctors determine the presence/absence and nature of the tumor.
A biopsy is conducted to ascertain whether the tumor is cancerous or not.
What are the treatments of Testicular Cancer?
Based on the stage of the cancer surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the treatment options. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are administered during early stages or post-surgery to kill the cancer cells.
In very advanced stages of cancer, a surgery to remove testicles and lymph nodes around it is recommended.
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