What is Hematuria?
Hematuria is blood in urine. The condition can be an indication of a serious disorder. The blood in urine can be visible or visible only under a microscope. The blood is visible, the condition is gross hematuria. If the blood is found only through a urine test, the condition is called microscopic hematuria.
What causes Hematuria?
The blood cells found in urine are those that leaked from kidneys or urinary tract. The leakage could be due to:
- Kidney infections
- Urinary tract infections
- Bladder or kidney stones
- Enlarged prostate
- Kidney diseases
- Kidney injury
- Certain medications like anti-cancer drugs and anticoagulants
- Vigorous exercises
- Some inherited diseases like sickle cell anemia
What are the symptoms of Hematuria?
The symptom of gross hematuria is obvious – red, pink, brownish-red or tea-colored urine. In case of microscopic hematuria, the symptoms correspond to the symptoms of the underlying cause.
How is Hematuria diagnosed?
The aim of Hematuria diagnosis is to identify the cause. The following are the tests that can pinpoint the cause:
Urine test checks for urinary tract infections and minerals that cause kidney stones.
A CT scan, an MRI scan or an ultrasound exam provide visuals that show the cause of blood in the urine.
A tiny camera inserted into bladder and urethra to search for disease signs.
What are the treatments for Hematuria?
Treatment for Hematuria depends on the condition causing it. Antibiotics, medication to shrink the prostate or therapy to break the bladder or kidney stones are some of the options.
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