Acute Renal Failure
Acute renal failure is the condition where the kidneys suddenly lose their ability to filter and eliminate the excess salts and waste material from the body. It develops rapidly over a few hours, days or weeks, and proves fatal if not treated early.
Sudden kidney failure can have several causes.
- Reduced blood flow to kidneys (due to low BP, injury, heart failure, shock or surgery)
Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic kidney disease is a condition where the kidney loses its function gradually, over a period of several years. It eventually leads to permanent kidney failure.
Chronic kidney disease is widespread and often goes undetected until it is well advanced. In several cases, it is diagnosed only when the kidney’s function is down to 25 percent of its normal. By then, the electrolytes, fluids, and wastes in the body would have already reached dangerous levels.
Diabetic Kidney Diseases
Diabetic kidney disease is the condition where the kidneys of a patient get damaged due to diabetes. Studies indicate that diabetes is the top cause of kidney failure.
In diabetic patients, the high levels of sugar in blood cause damage to the blood vessels in kidneys. Kidneys start losing their function as the blood vessels get damaged. High blood pressure, another characteristic of diabetes is also a trigger for kidney failure.e at a higher risk of developing diabetic kidney disease.
Glomerulonephritis is inflation of glomeruli, the tiny filters on kidneys that separate the excess fluids, electrolytes and waste from blood. Prolonged inflammation of glomeruli can cause damage to kidneys.
Glomerulonephritis can be an acute or a chronic condition.
Hematuria is blood in urine. The condition can be an indication of a serious disorder. The blood in urine can be visible or visible only under a microscope. The blood is visible, the condition is gross hematuria. If the blood is found only through a urine test, the condition is called microscopic hematuria.
The blood cells found in urine are those that leaked from kidneys or urinary tract. The leakage could be due to:
- Kidney infections
Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and salts. They can be as tiny as a sand grain or as big as a corn kernel. Most of the time, kidney stones do not show any symptoms. But, when they start moving in the kidney or the ureter, or when they pass through the urine, the pain can be agonizing.
Kidney stones can lead to kidney infections and damage.
Kidney cancer is a disease where the cells in the kidneys grow abnormally and form a tumor. There are different types of kidney cancers; renal cell carcinoma is the most common type in them.
The causes of kidney cancer are not yet known. However, being subjected to imaging techniques multiple times, smoking, obesity, advanced kidney disease, exposure to certain chemicals, high blood pressure and a family history of kidney cancer, increase the risk of getting kidney cancer.