Adv. Laparoscopic & Laser Surgeries

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Urinary Tract Stones

What are Urinary Tract Stones?

Urinary tract stones are hard massed on minerals found anywhere in the urinary tract. Based on where they are, they are called, bladder stones, kidney stones, and ureteral stones.

What causes Urinary Tract Stones?

Stones for when the urine becomes saturated with minerals and lacks substances that inhibit the stone formation. The risk factors of urinary tract stones are:

  • Diet high in animal-source protein
  • Diet high in Vitamin C
  • Diet less on calcium
  • Less consumption of water
  • A family history of urinary tract infections
  • Certain medications
  • Weightloss surgery

What are the symptoms of Urinary Tract Stones?

Symptoms of urinary tract stones include:

  • Lower abdomen pain
  • Lower back pain
  • Groin pain
  • Blood in urine
  • Painful urination
  • Urinary incontinence

How are Urinary Tract Stones diagnosed?

The following lab tests help diagnose urinary tract stones:

Urinalysis

The checks urine for crystallization and infection.

Ultrasound

The images of ultrasound reveal the presence or absence of stones.

Intravenous pyelogram

A dye is used to highlights unusual formations inside the urinary tract.

X-rays

X-rays show inside of the bladder and reveals abnormalities if any.

What are the treatments for Urinary Tract Stones?

The treatment for urinary tract stones varies according to their size and the type of stone formed. The treatment includes treatment to manage symptoms and treatment to flush out the stones.

Some of the treatment options are:

Medication

Alpha-adrenergic blockers help the stones pass. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are recommended to manage the pain.

Cystolitholapaxy

A cystoscope is used to locate the stones. Laser, ultrasound or mechanical devices are used to break the stones and flush them out.

Surgical Removal

The surgery is performed to remove the stones.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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