What is Painful Bladder Syndrome/Interstitial Cystitis?
Painful bladder syndrome is a condition that causes recurring pain in the bladder and the surrounding pelvic area. the pain can range from mild discomfort to intense pain. Some scientists believe that this condition is not a single disease but a set of a few.
What causes Painful Bladder Syndrome?
What causes painful bladder syndrome is not known. But, in almost all cases, the bladder is injured, irritated, scarred or stiff. Scientists have recently found a substance called antiproliferative factor in urine and believe that it is associated with this condition.
Glomerulations and Hunner’s ulcers are some of the risk factors.
What are the symptoms of Painful Bladder Syndrome?
The symptoms and severity of painful bladder syndrome are different and many. They resemble those of a bacterial infection but there are no bacteria involved in this condition. Some of the symptoms are:
- Urgency of urination
- Frequent urination
- Painful urination
- Pelvic area pain
- Leaking of urine
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
Pain becomes intense when the bladder is full, during mensuration in women and during sexual intercourse.
How is Painful Bladder Syndrome diagnosed?
In the case of painful bladder syndrome, the aim of diagnosis procedures would be to rule out the possibilities of other conditions which share the symptoms with this condition. By conducting tests like urinalysis, urine culture, cystoscopy, biopsy, urodynamic test, and urine cytology, doctors diagnose if the patient is suffering from any of the treatable diseases.
What are the treatments for Painful Bladder Syndrome?
There are no treatments for painful bladder syndrome. So the treatment options are aimed at revealing the symptoms of the condition. Based on the symptoms, the doctor would recommend lifestyle changes, medication or a surgery.
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